Acne and Spot Treatment, Acne is a skin disease that occurs in every person, especially in adolescence period. During this period, sebum production increases in the body, and the sebaceous gland ducts on the skin are blocked. The excess sebum produced cannot be thrown out of the skin for this reason. Although the body treats itself after the adolescence is over, some spots may remain from this period.
Acne and Spot Treatment
In addition, this problem can continue in adulthood. There are treatments for both unwanted spots and acne problem that persists and becomes chronic after puberty.Acne is most common on the forehead and cheeks, in the face area. The second most common areas are chest and back.This skin disease, which can be seen at any age and gender, can harm a person’s psychosocial condition if not treated; It can evolve into advanced ailments such as face retention.
How Acne and Spot Occur?
The sebaceous glands get their name from sebum, an oily substance they produce. Under normal conditions, sebum travels through the hair follicle and reaches the skin surface. When acne occurs, the sebum remains inside the follicle and cannot go out. Acne occurs more often in areas such as the face, neck, back, upper arms and shoulders where the sebaceous glands are more concentrated. Blackhead-shaped acne lesions are called comedones, while red, swollen and pus lesions are called papules, nodules, and pustules.
Causes of Acne and Blemish Formation
- Genetic History
Although everyone has a problem with acne at some point in their life, some have genetic predisposition to some types of acne. Having a parent’s acne problem makes the child more likely to have an acne problem more than 50 percent.
- Hormonal Factors
Androgens (the most important androgenic hormone is testosterone) are hormones found in both men and women. With the adolescence, the level of androgens increases. Androgens cause excessive functioning of the sebaceous glands, which paves the way for acne formation.
Closed follicle is a suitable medium for bacteria to grow. Especially the bacteria living in this environment is P. Acnes bacteria. This bacteria feeds on sebum and is present on everyone’s skin, whether they have acne or not. When the sebaceous gland is clogged and filled with sebum, the P.acnes bacteria multiplies much more quickly. The chemicals produced by the bacteria cause inflammation in the follicle and on the skin surface.
- Changes in Follicle Structure
As androgen production increases, sebum production also increases. Thus, the sebaceous glands expand and the structure of the hair follicle changes. Dead cells that normally shed regularly can accumulate on the skin. Dead cells and excess sebum easily clog the changing follicle.
Different Treatment for each Cause
Oral medications, creams and hormone treatments are the first step and long-lasting treatments for acne treatment. Apart from these, there are various short-term and direct treatments performed in the clinical setting with the help of a specialist doctor.These treatment methods are comedones extraction, chemical peeling and laser methods. Depending on the type of acne, the appropriate one should be selected.One of the most important goals of acne treatment is to prevent healing cysts and nodules from leaving marks on your skin. Because it is very difficult to smooth the skin after the scars appear.
Laser and ipl technologies are methods that help acne-spot treatments, speed up treatment and reduce the possibility of scarring. In order to shorten the acne treatment period and prevent recurrent acne complaints; Laser treatments are very useful for patients who cannot use oral medication. In addition, laser treatments for patients who have tendency to leave scars during treatment will treat the scars. The aim of the treatment of acne-spot should be to heal the patient as soon as possible and ensure that there are no scars. Applying laser for acne treatments also provides scar treatment.Other methods used in the treatment of acne other than fractional laser are: Mesolifting (Skin Mesotherapy), Chemical / Herbal Peeling, Medical Skin Care Treatment.
Different Spot Types
Acne scars are pink in the early period and turn to skin color as time goes on. However, sometimes these scars may remain pink. This means that the marks are getting worse and it is a warning for emergency treatment. When treatment is preferred in the early period, these abrasions are treated faster. Planning for acne scar treatment should be personal. Not everyone can get rid of acne scars with the same method.
Although there are treatment methods such as drug use and peeling in the treatment of acne scars, laser use is quite common.
- Superficial acne scars
It occurs when acne affects the upper layer of the skin and is usually red. They are scars with very little depth.In the treatment, chemical peeling; dermapen -prp, mesotherapy- fractional laser combinations can be used.
- Deep acne scars
They are acne scars with sharp borders that create an image as if they were pierced with nails. For treatment the appropriate one is selected. ( Chemical peeling, micro needling, prp, fractional laser applications)
Since the spots are especially related to the sun; The ideal seasons for spot treatment are the autumn and winter seasons when there is no sun. The spot treatment that started in winter should be completed in spring and sun protection should continue carefully in summer.
Can I permanently get rid of my acne and blemishes?
Acne, whether mild or serious, can be treated in a controlled and safe manner with the help of your doctor. The important thing is to choose a reliable and good doctor. For different types of acne of different types and severity, your doctor will choose the appropriate treatment option. You should follow the recommendations of your dermatologist and continue the treatment consciously and without interruption. Thanks to laser technologies, you can get rid of all your acne and spots.
- Is there a need for treatment of adolescent pimples or does it pass by itself?
If it bothers the person, treatment is necessary because acne can lead to psychological problems. In addition, severe acne can lead to difficult scars in the future. It is necessary to get examined.
- Do pimples come out after puberty?
Yes it can. Especially those who have acne-prone, oily and mixed skin, acne may develop due to the cosmetic products used, stress, weather change and hormonal changes.
- How acne scars heal?
There are several treatment methods for removing acne scars. With cream treatments, regular skin treatments, dermapen-dermaroller treatments, special mesotherapy treatments, carbon peeling and laser treatments, scars pass to a great extent.
- Is there a relationship between diet and acne?
Studies in recent years have indicated that some milk and dairy products and foods with high glycemic index trigger acne. Although not proven, the patient should avoid such foods if she/he observes that these lead to an increase in acne.
- Does acne have anything to do with liver disease?
Acne and liver disease have no proven relevance. Liver enzymes should be controlled during treatment with some medicines used in the treatment of acne.
- Are drugs used in acne treatment harm the liver?
As long as these drugs are used under dermatologist control, there is no harm.
- Is acne treatment permanent? Do I have the same problem again?
There is no such thing that acne will never come out after the treatment. However, as long as the patient removes the factors causing the discomfort, the risk of recurrence is almost nonexistent.